DOI: 10.1101/498493Dec 17, 2018Paper

Macronutrients modulate resistance to infection and immunity in Drosophila

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Fleur PontonStephen J Simpson

Abstract

Immunity and nutrition are two essential modulators of individual fitness However, while the implications of immune function and nutrition on an individual s lifespan and reproduction are known, the interplay between feeding behaviour, infection, and immune function, remains poorly understood. In this study, we used the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, to investigate how infection through septic injury modulates nutritional intake, and how macronutrient balance affects survival to infection by the pathogenic Gram-positive bacterium Micrococcus luteus. Our results show that infected flies maintain carbohydrate intake, but reduce protein intake, thereby shifting from a protein-to-carbohydrate (P:C) ratio of ~1:4 to ~1:10 relative to non-infected and sham-infected flies. Strikingly, we found that the proportion of flies dying after M. luteus infection was significantly lower when flies were fed a low-P high-C diet, revealing that flies shift their macronutrient intake as means of nutritional self-medication against bacterial infection. This is likely due to the effects of macronutrient balance on the regulation of the constitutive expression of innate immune genes, as a low-P high-C diet was linked to an up-regulation in the ex...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Bacterial Infections
Carbohydrates
Drosophila
Drosophila melanogaster
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Eating
Equilibrium
Fruit
Gram-Positive Bacteria
Placebos

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