PMID: 11169214Feb 13, 2001Paper

Macrophage heterogeneity, antigen presentation, and membrane fluidity: implications in visceral Leishmaniasis

Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
E SenS Roy


Morphological and functional heterogeneity of the splenic macrophage (M phi) population was studied in Leishmania donovani (LD) infected BALB/c mice. On a discontinuous percoll gradient two distinct M phi populations were separated. They differed significantly in size as evident from Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Morphologically, the bigger M phi (LM) showed surface projections, whereas the smaller M phi (SM) was round. As regards the antigen-presenting abilities, the LM of infected animals showed defective antigen-presenting abilities at a later stage of the disease, i.e. 6 months post infection ((6)I-LM) but not earlier, whereas the SM population remained functionally intact throughout the course of the infection. Further, the (6)I-LM showed a much enhanced Ad status as compared to their controls. Interestingly, both the (6)I-LM and the control set showed a comparable level of binding of a known A(d) restricted peptide. Despite the presence of sufficient A(d) molecules and the ability to bind the appropriate peptide, (6)I-LM were unable to stimulate peptide specific T-cell hybridoma. Further, the (6)I-LM showed an increase in membrane fluidity and distorted morphology with membrane fissure and blebs as evident from SEM....Continue Reading


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