PMID: 3700884Jan 1, 1986Paper

Magnesium status in children with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

Journal of the American College of Nutrition
P Fort, F Lifshitz


We assessed the magnesium status in 67 children with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) in various degrees of diabetic control and its changes during the evolution of the disease. This was done by measuring fasting serum magnesium and 24-hr urinary magnesium clearances when patients were first studied, as well as subsequently on follow-up. In 23 of these patients the retention of intramuscular magnesium was also assessed in relation to the degree of diabetic control and the duration of the illness. The mean +/- SD serum magnesium levels were significantly lower in diabetic children as compared to nondiabetic controls (1.91 +/- 0.22 vs 2.12 +/- 0.26 mg/dl, p less than 0.001). Serum magnesium in diabetic children correlated with glycosylated hemoglobins (r = -0.358, p less than 0.001), but not with 24-hr glycosuria (r = -0.296). On follow-up of patients, serum magnesium significantly increased when IDDM control improved and decreased when the control worsened. Diabetic patients had increased urinary magnesium clearances compared to nondiabetic subjects (5.26 +/- 3.58 vs 3.60 +/- 1.36 cc/min, p less than 0.05). All but five of the 23 patients given the magnesium load retained more than 40% of the dose, with a mean +/- SD r...Continue Reading


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