PMID: 36849Apr 1, 1979

Magnitude of pollution indicator organisms in rural potable water

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
S S SandhuP Nelson


A total of 460 water samples were randomly drawn from the potable water supply sources of rural communities in three counties of South Carolina. About 10% of the population, not incorporated in municipalities, was sampled. The samples were tested for total coliforms, Escherichia coli, and fecal streptococci. Significant levels of these pollution indicator organisms were detected in almost all the water supplies. Total coliforms were the most common, and only 7.5% of the water supplies were uncontaminated. E. coli, considered a reliable indicator of recent and dangerous pollution, was observed in 43% of the water supplies. Statistical analyses indicated that the bacterial populations, especially E. coli, were associated with the supply source depth and its distance from the septic tank. Total coliform counts were also weakly correlated to the pH of the water.

Related Concepts

Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
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Water Microbiology
Water Pollution
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