Maintenance of nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate content and oxidation-reduction state during mixed-function oxidation of p-nitroanisole in isolated perfused livers of various species

Biochemical Pharmacology
F C KauffmanR G Thurman


The influence of p-nitroanisole, a substrate for mixed-function oxidation, on total NADP+ and NADPH and NADP+/NADPH ratios was examined in perfused livers from three different species. Studies were performed using livers from Sprague-Dawley rats, Syrian golden hamsters and C57BL/6J mice. Although rates of p-nitroanisole O-demethylation varied more than 16-fold in perfused livers from these species, NADP+/NADPH ratios calculated from measured concentrations of NADP+ and NADPH and from ratios calculated from substrate pairs assumed to be in near equilibrium with NADP+-dependent dehydrogenases remained remarkably constant under most conditions. Thus, rates of NADPH utilization and generation must be tightly coupled in perfused livers during high rates of mixed-function oxidation. Exceptions to the general pattern noted above occurred in livers of fasted, phenobarbital-treated rats where carbohydrate reserves were depleted and in livers from 3-methyl-cholanthrene-treated mice where rates of p-nitroanisole O-demethylation were exceptionally high. Livers from fed phenobarbital-treated rats displayed a paradoxical decrease in NADP+/NADPH ratios reflecting reduction calculated from substrates assumed to be in near equilibrium with 6-ph...Continue Reading

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