PMID: 8626371Jan 1, 1996

Management of schizophrenia

The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
S R Marder

Abstract

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition criteria for diagnosing schizophrenia require the presence of characteristic symptoms and disabilities, as well as the specific exclusion of other disorders with similar symptomatology. Once schizophrenia is diagnosed, the classification of schizophrenic symptoms as psychotic, disorganized, or negative can help clinicians predict treatment outcomes and individualize both pharmacologic and psychosocial treatment. Three treatment phases (acute, resolving, and maintenance) have been described; each has different medication strategies and goals. The introduction of novel antipsychotic agents, such as clozapine and risperidone, has enhanced the clinicians' ability to manage schizophrenic patients. Nonetheless, psychosocial treatment remains an important component of overall patient management.

Related Concepts

Antipsychotic Effect
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Schizophrenia
Clozapine
Differential Diagnosis
Antipsychotic Agents
Logotherapy
Mental Disorders
Combined Modality Therapy
Schizophrenic Psychology

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