PMID: 9816656Nov 17, 1998

Management of the anterior cruciate ligament rupture: indications, choice of procedure, timing, concomitant and after-care

Zentralblatt für Chirurgie
A Wentzensen, P Hochstein


The indication for operative or conservative treatment of the anterior cruciate ligament remains still difficult. Many years of intensive basic and clinical research and a better knowledge of biology, biomechanics and pathology have not been achieved standards of therapy. Therefore varying treatment options exist. In this paper we give an overview on the main indications and common treatments. Untreated ruptures of the ACL result in severe functional impairment. Therefore we find a wide indication for an operative reconstruction. Patient orientated factors (age, activity level, morphotype) and the range of instability are important for the decision-making between operative and conservative treatment. The time of intervention is determined by the chosen treatment. Multidirectional instabilities, ruptures of meniscus or damage of cartilage need an early, isolated injuries of the ACL an early or later (until 4 weeks) surgical therapy. An anatomical ligament reconstruction (so called "suture") is possible only for selected ruptures near the femoral insertion. Operative treatment needs a special suture technic and autologous or allogenous augmentation. In 15 until 25% of all ACL ruptures good results can be obtained in this way. In ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Knee Injuries
Postoperative Procedures
Postoperative Complications
Retrospective Studies
Suture Techniques
Tendon Transfer Procedure
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Prosthesis Implantation

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