DOI: https://doi.org/10.51161/rems/689Mar 22, 2021Proceedings Paper

MANEJO DE INFECÇÃO POR TOXOPLASMOSE NO SISTEMA NERVOSO CENTRAL DE PACIENTES HIV POSITIVO

Saulo Bueno De AzevedoGean Scherer da Silva

Abstract

Introdução: A avaliação e manejo de pacientes HIV positivos com mudança de estado mental ou exame neurológico anormal é um desafio. É comum haver lesões em exames de imagem que dependendo do tamanho e localização são emergências médicas. O fator mais importante para determinar um diagnóstico dentre outros é a o grau de imunossupressão – contagens menores que 200 CD4/microL há grande chance de infecção oportunística ou tumores derivados da Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida (SIDA). Objetivo: Analisar como é o manejo de infecção por toxoplasmose no sistema nervoso central de pacientes HIV positivo. Material e métodos: Esse trabalho é uma revisão de literatura sobre o manejo da neuroinfecção por toxoplasmose em pacientes sidéticos. Pesquisou-se no SCIELO e PUBMED os descritores: “toxoplasmose, SIDA, manejo, tratamento, sistema nervoso central” suas combinações e variantes em inglês. Resultados: Há, segundo a literatura, formas diferentes de manejo a depender da contagem de células CD4. O ideal seria a correta investigação da condição que está levando o paciente a ter os sintomas conduzida pelos exames de imagem – tomografia computadorizada e ressonância nuclear magnética com dois tempos de contraste – feitos no início do cuida...Continue Reading

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Nodding Syndrome

Nodding Syndrome is a neurological and epileptiform disorder characterized by psychomotor, mental, and growth retardation. Discover the latest research on Nodding Syndrome here.

LRRK2 & Microtubules

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are risk-factors for developing Parkinson’s disease (PD). LRRK2 mutations in PD have been shown to enhance its association with microtubules. Here is the latest research.

© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved