Mar 25, 2020

Dynamic Normalization

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Timothée E PoisotDominique Gravel

Abstract

The normalization model has been applied to explain neural activity in diverse neural systems including primary visual cortex (V1). The models defining characteristic is that the response of each neuron is divided by a factor that includes a weighted sum of activity of a pool of neurons. In spite of the success of the normalization model, there are 3 unresolved issues. 1) Experimental evidence suggests that normalization in V1 operates via recurrent amplification, i.e., amplifying weak inputs more than strong inputs. It is unknown how normalization arises from recurrent amplification. 2) Experiments have demonstrated that normalization is weighted such each weight specifies how one neuron contributes to anothers normalization pool. It is unknown how weighted normalization arises from a recurrent circuit. 3) Neural activity in V1 exhibits complex dynamics, including gamma oscillations, linked to normalization. It is unknown how these dynamics emerge from normalization. Here, a new family of recurrent circuit models is reported, each of which comprises coupled neural integrators to implement normalization via recurrent amplification with arbitrary normalization weights, some of which can recapitulate key experimental observations...Continue Reading

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