Manipulating small ruminant parasite epidemiology through the combination of nutritional strategies

Veterinary Parasitology
Jos G M HoudijkS Athanasiadou

Abstract

It is increasingly being recognized that non-chemical parasite control strategies may need to be combined to control more effectively gastrointestinal parasitism, result in resilient production systems and reduce reliance on anthelmintics. Here, we consider if and how metabolizable protein (MP) supplementation and anti-parasitic plant secondary metabolites (PSM) may modulate parasite epidemiology through intervention in pasture contamination, development of infection on pasture and larval challenge as target processes. We then propose that combining two or more non-chemical parasite control strategies may have additive effects on host resistance, especially if the individual strategies target different drivers of parasite epidemiology, different processes in the parasite life cycle or different phases of acquired immunity to parasites. This epidemiological framework is used to review recent findings on combining maternal MP supplementation and grazing the PSM-rich bioactive forage chicory as an example of combining nutritional treatments to manipulate parasite epidemiology in a temperate production system. In the absence of available data for combined nutritional strategies in tropical production systems, we make predictions on...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 25, 2014·Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences·Thierry F Vandamme
Sep 27, 2014·Biological Trace Element Research·Kathryn J HooperJean A Hall
Sep 14, 2018·Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association·Hannah J SylvesterDerek M Foster
Feb 9, 2018·Parasitology·Jozef VercruysseEdwin Claerebout
Oct 3, 2018·Journal of Veterinary Medicine·Borden MushongaIshmael Festus Jaja
Jun 23, 2020·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Morai Johannes MoiloaMotšelisi Mahlehla
Jan 21, 2021·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Amy R SweenyAmy B Pedersen
Feb 5, 2021·Animals : an Open Access Journal From MDPI·Konstantinos V ArsenopoulosElias Papadopoulos
Feb 8, 2020·The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice·Joan M Burke, James E Miller
May 23, 2017·International Journal for Parasitology·J G M HoudijkM R Hutchings

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Anthelmintics (ASM)

Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. Discover the latest research on anthelmintics here.

Anthelmintics

Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. Discover the latest research on anthelmintics here.