Mannose accommodation of Vigna angularis cells on solid agar medium involves its possible conversion to sucrose mediated by enhanced phosphomannose isomerase activity.

Journal of Plant Research
Aki Kato, M Inouhe

Abstract

Mannose is an unusable carbon source for many plants. In our study we compared the effects of mannose and sucrose on growth and sucrose levels in azuki bean (Vigna angularis) cells grown in liquid media and in solid media. The suspension cells grew actively in a liquid medium containing 90 mM sucrose but not in that containing 90 mM mannose, where the intracellular sucrose levels were reduced to 20% or less of those in sucrose-grown cells. These results suggested that the limited conversion of mannose to sucrose resulted in cell growth inhibition. When sucrose-grown suspension cells (1 x 10(5)) were transferred onto agar medium containing mannose, they grew little initially, but, after a month lag period, they started to form many callus colonies at a high apparent variation rate (1.3 x 10(-3)). Time-course studies for sugar and enzyme analysis revealed that the mannose-accommodated cells were capable of converting mannose to sucrose, with enhanced phosphomannose isomerase activity. The mannose-accommodated cells actively grew in liquid medium with sucrose but lost their ability to grow with mannose again, suggesting a specific trait of callus culture for mannose utilization. The possible differences in the metabolic activities...Continue Reading

References

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