Apr 18, 2020

Technology-aided assessment of functionally relevant sensorimotor impairments in arm and hand of post-stroke individuals

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Christoph M. KanzlerO. Lambercy

Abstract

Background: Assessing arm and hand sensorimotor impairments that are functionally relevant is essential to optimize the impact of neurorehabilitation interventions. Technology-aided assessments should provide a sensitive and objective characterization of upper limb impairments, but often provide arm weight support and neglect the importance of the hand, thereby questioning their functional relevance. The Virtual Peg Insertion Test (VPIT) addresses these limitations by quantifying arm movements and grip forces during a goal-directed manipulation task without arm weight support. The aim of this work was to evaluate the potential and robustness of the VPIT metrics to inform on sensorimotor impairments in arm and hand, and especially identify the functional relevance of the detected impairments. Methods: Arm and hand sensorimotor impairments were systematically characterized in 30 chronic stroke patients using conventional clinical scales and the VPIT. For the latter, ten previously established kinematic and kinetic core metrics were extracted and compared to conventional clinical scales of impairment and activity limitations. Additionally, the robustness of the VPIT metrics was investigated by analyzing their clinimetric propertie...Continue Reading

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