PMID: 6405286Feb 1, 1983Paper

MAO-B inhibitor deprenyl and beta-phenylethylamine potentiate [D-ALA2]-Met-enkephalinamide-induced seizures

Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
O E UkponmwanM Dzoljic

Abstract

The relationship between deprenyl (MAO-B inhibitor), beta-phenylethylamine (PEA, MAO-B substrate) and [D-Ala2]-Met-enkephalinamide (DALA)-induced seizure was studied in the urethane-anaesthetized rats. A combined electromyographic (EMG) and electrocorticographic (ECoG) method was used. PEA (20-100 micrograms ivt) or DALA (10 micrograms ivt) induced myoclonic contractions (MC) in the submandibular muscle and epileptiform pattern with spike activity in the ECoG. Administration of subconvulsant doses of PEA (5-10 micrograms ivt 0.5-1 min before DALA) significantly increased DALA-induced seizure activity. Similarly, blockade of MAO-B with deprenyl (3-48 mg/kg ip) also enhanced DALA-induced epileptiform pattern. It is evident from this study that MAO-B system significantly modulates the excitatory phenomena induced by DALA. These findings of interactions between MAO-B system and enkephalinergic one, might be of relevance in the clinical situations such as psychosis, stress, a use of tricyclic antidepressants and all other cases, where the alteration of MAO-B system is a part of disease or induced during drug therapy.

References

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Jul 1, 1980·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·M R Dzoljic, A L van der Poel-Heisterkamp

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Citations

Apr 1, 1986·Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology·O E UkponmwanM Dzoljic
Jan 1, 1983·Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry·C T Dourish, S J Cooper
Sep 1, 1985·Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism·M Wahl

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