Dec 23, 2014

Mapping bias overestimates reference allele frequencies at the HLA genes in the 1000 Genomes Project phase I data

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Débora Y C BrandtDiogo Meyer

Abstract

Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies have become the standard for data generation in studies of population genomics, as the 1000 Genomes Project (1000G). However, these techniques are known to be problematic when applied to highly polymorphic genomic regions, such as the Human Leukocyte Antigen ( HLA ) genes. Because accurate genotype calls and allele frequency estimations are crucial to population ge-nomics analises, it is important to assess the reliability of NGS data. Here, we evaluate the reliability of genotype calls and allele frequency estimates of the SNPs reported by 1000G (phase I) at five HLA genes ( HLA-A , -B , -C , -DRB1 , -DQB1 ). We take advantage of the availability of HLA Sanger sequencing of 930 of the 1,092 1000G samples, and use this as a gold standard to benchmark the 1000G data. We document that 18.6% of SNP genotype calls in HLA genes are incorrect, and that allele frequencies are estimated with an error higher than ±0.1 at approximately 25% of the SNPs in HLA genes. We found a bias towards overestimation of reference allele frequency for the 1000G data, indicating mapping bias is an important cause of error in frequency estimation in this dataset. We provide a list of sites that have poor alle...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Gene Polymorphism
Study
HLA-DRB4
Genome
Genes
HLA Antigens
TAPBP protein, human
Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) A Antigen Typing (Procedure)
Site
Genomics

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