Mapping gene regulatory networks from single-cell omics data

Briefings in Functional Genomics
Mark W E J FiersStein Aerts

Abstract

Single-cell techniques are advancing rapidly and are yielding unprecedented insight into cellular heterogeneity. Mapping the gene regulatory networks (GRNs) underlying cell states provides attractive opportunities to mechanistically understand this heterogeneity. In this review, we discuss recently emerging methods to map GRNs from single-cell transcriptomics data, tackling the challenge of increased noise levels and data sparsity compared with bulk data, alongside increasing data volumes. Next, we discuss how new techniques for single-cell epigenomics, such as single-cell ATAC-seq and single-cell DNA methylation profiling, can be used to decipher gene regulatory programmes. We finally look forward to the application of single-cell multi-omics and perturbation techniques that will likely play important roles for GRN inference in the future.

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Related Concepts

Single-Cell Analysis
DNA Methylation [PE]
Sequence Determinations, RNA
Cell Culture Techniques
DNA Methylation
Genes, Regulator
Grn protein, mouse
Gene Regulatory Networks
Epigenomics
XCL1 wt Allele

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