Aug 8, 2014

Poisson poisoning as the mechanism of action of the microtubule-targeting agent colchicine

Kristen C RueggThomas B Smith


Microtubule-directed anti-cancer drugs, such as paclitaxel, vinblastine, and colchicine, disrupt cell mitosis through suppression of microtubule dynamics ("kinetic stabilization"). However, while the molecular mechanisms of paclitaxel and vinblastine act as pseudo- and true-kinetic stabilizers, respectively, the molecular mechanism of colchicine has remained enigmatic since it requires explanation of both the slow kinetics of the drug and suppression of microtubule dynamics. In this work, we applied an integrated multi-scale modeling-experimental approach to systematically characterize the microtubule targeting agent (MTA) colchicine. We found that colchicine stabilizes microtubule dynamics significantly both in vivo and in vitro in a time and concentration-dependent manner. Molecular modeling results suggest that tubulin's binding pocket is accessible to the drug for only 15% of the simulation trajectory time in straight and 82% in curved conformation on average, confirming that colchicine mainly binds to free tubulin. Molecular dynamics simulations show that there are conformational changes at longitudinal and lateral residues of GTP-tubulin-colchicine compared to a lattice tubulin structure, explaining why further incorporat...Continue Reading

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Biological Markers
High Throughput Screening
Wilsonia pusilla
Spatial Distribution
Genetic Markers
West (Direction)

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