Nov 3, 2015

MARCH8 inhibits HIV-1 infection by reducing virion incorporation of envelope glycoproteins

Nature Medicine
Takuya TadaKenzo Tokunaga

Abstract

Membrane-associated RING-CH 8 (MARCH8) is one of 11 members of the recently discovered MARCH family of RING (really interesting new gene)-finger E3 ubiquitin ligases. MARCH8 downregulates several host transmembrane proteins, including major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-II, CD86, interleukin (IL)-1 receptor accessory protein, TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptor 1 and the transferrin receptor. However, its physiological roles remain largely unknown. Here we identify MARCH8 as a novel antiviral factor. The ectopic expression of MARCH8 in virus-producing cells does not affect levels of lentivirus production, but it does markedly reduce viral infectivity. MARCH8 blocks the incorporation of HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein into virus particles by downregulating it from the cell surface, probably through their interaction, resulting in a substantial reduction in the efficiency of viral entry. The inhibitory effect of MARCH8 on vesicular stomatitis virus G-glycoprotein is even more remarkable, suggesting a broad-spectrum inhibition of enveloped viruses by MARCH8. Notably, the endogenous expression of MARCH8 is high in monocyte-derived macrophages and dendritic cells, and MARCH8 knockdown or knockout in macrophages sig...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Guanosine
Interleukins
CD86 gene
Subfamily lentivirinae
Corona Virus Membrane Protein E1
HEK293 Cells
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Gene Knockdown Techniques
Viral Envelope
Virus

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