Dec 5, 2019

Maresin1 Decreased Microglial Chemotaxis and Ameliorated Inflammation Induced by Amyloid-β42 in Neuron-Microglia Co-Culture Models

Journal of Alzheimer's Disease : JAD
Ping YinMingqin Zhu


Inflammation resolution is regulated by specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators (SPMs) and the levels of SPMs are found decreased in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. We have previously found that one of the SPMs, Maresin1 (MaR1), improved neuronal survival and increase microglial phagocytosis of amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ42); however, the mechanisms underlying the protective mechanism remain further investigation. We aim to investigate the effects of MaR1 on microglial chemotaxis and activation in this study. Both indirect and direct primary neuron and microglia co-culture system was used in this study. Our results showed MaR1 downregulated the increased microglial chemotaxis induced by Aβ42. The microglial inactivation marker CD200R was downregulated by Aβ42 and upregulated by MaR1. Pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were increased by Aβ42 and these changes were revised by MaR1 treatment. In addition, the levels of chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 were increased while the levels of anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 secretion were decreased by Aβ42, and these changes were abolished by MaR1 treatment. Moreover, by proteomics analysis, we identified cell signaling pathways affected ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Coculture Techniques
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Alzheimer's Disease

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