PMID: 40330Sep 1, 1979

Marine sterols. VIII. Isolation and structure of sarcosterol, a new sterol with a delta17(20)-double bond from the soft coral Sarcophyton glaucum

Steroids
M KobayashiH Mitsuhashi

Abstract

The sterol mixture of the southern Japan's soft coral, Sarcophyton glaucum, was found to contain 11 sterols including a novel sterol, 23,24 xi-dimethylcholesta-5,22-dien-3 beta-ol and a new diunsaturated C29 sterol. 22,23-Dihydrobrassicasterol and gorgosterol were the major components in free- and esterified sterols respectively. Brassicasterol was found in S. glaucum, in contrast to the ubiquity of 24-epibrassicasterol in the marine invertebrates in the northern districts. The new sterol (sarcosterol) was isolated; its structure as 23 xi, 24 xi-dimethylcholesta-5, 17(20)-trans-dien-3 beta-ol was based on spectra evidence and comparison with cholesta-5, 17(20)-trans-dien-3 beta-ol.

Citations

Feb 18, 1976·Journal of the American Chemical Society·Y ShimizuA Kobayashi
Oct 15, 1976·The Journal of Organic Chemistry·W R Nes, T E Varkey
Nov 1, 1975·Steroids·M Kobayashi, H Mitsuhashi
Oct 7, 1970·Journal of the American Chemical Society·F J Schmitz, T Pattabhiraman
Apr 26, 1972·Journal of Chromatography·P M Hyde, W H Elliott

Related Concepts

Epicholesterol
sarcosterol
Sarocladium glaucum
Sarcophyton glaucum
brassicasterol
Cnidaria
gorgosterol
epibrassicasterol
(Z)-3 beta-Hydroxycholesta-5,27(20)-diene
22,23-dihydrobrassicasterol

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.