PMID: 591571Jan 1, 1977

Mass isolation ofpolytene nuclei from Chironomus salivary glands

Journal of Cell Science
R MährH M Eppenberger


In this paper we describe a method for the rapid mass isolation of polytene nuclei from Chironomus salivary glands. The procedure for the isolation of glands involves 5 principal steps; (a) freezing Chironomus larvae in liquid propane; (b) breaking open frozen animals in a pre-cooled mortar; (c) thawing the fragments in sucrose medium, free of divalent cations; (d) pressing the suspension of broken animals through a system of regularly spaced capillary constrictions of free organs; and (e) enrichment of glands by differential sedimentation and removal of contaminating material under a dissecting microscope. The nuclear isolation procedure is a large scale modification of a method previously described by Robert, using digitonin as a non-ionic detergent to solubilize cytoplasma and secretion without affecting the nuclear membrane. Nuclei obtained by this method show structural integrity and an unchanged chromosomal banding pattern. Their incorporation of UTP is within the same range as reported by other authors for nuclei by hand dissection.

Related Concepts

Cell Fractionation
Cell Nucleus
Salivary Glands

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