Mass spectrometric profiling of low-molecular-weight volatile compounds--diagnostic potential and latest applications

Current Medicinal Chemistry
Matthias Lechner, Josef Rieder

Abstract

The theoretical use of mass spectrometric profiling of low-molecular-weight volatile compounds, as one possible method to non-invasively and rapidly diagnose a variety of diseases, such as cancer, infection, and metabolic disorders has greatly raised the profile of this technique over the last ten years. Despite a number of promising results, this technique has not been introduced into common clinical practice yet. The use of mass spectrometric profiling of exhaled air is particularly hampered by various technical problems and basic methodological issues which have only been partially overcome. However, breath analysis aside, recently published studies reveal completely new ideas and concepts on how to establish fast and reliable diagnosis by using this valuable tool. These studies focussed on the headspace screening of various bodily fluids and sample fluids obtained during diagnostic procedures, as well as microbial cell cultures and demonstrated the vast diagnostic potential of this technique in a wide variety of settings, predominantly in vitro. It is the aim of the present review to discuss the most commonly detected low-molecular-weight volatile compounds and to summarize the current potential applications, latest develop...Continue Reading

Citations

Dec 17, 2011·Current Microbiology·Sarah ZehmJosef Rieder
Jul 23, 2013·Inflammatory Bowel Diseases·Christopher WaltonJohn O Hunter
Aug 11, 2016·Frontiers in Microbiology·Pamela VernocchiLorenza Putignani
Feb 18, 2010·Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical·Nicholas StrandCristina E Davis
Jun 12, 2017·Clinical Oral Investigations·Moritz HertelSaskia Preissner
Feb 14, 2009·Chemical Reviews·Robert S BlakeAndrew M Ellis
Jun 3, 2021·Advanced Science·Rotem VishinkinHossam Haick

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Nodding Syndrome

Nodding Syndrome is a neurological and epileptiform disorder characterized by psychomotor, mental, and growth retardation. Discover the latest research on Nodding Syndrome here.

LRRK2 & Microtubules

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are risk-factors for developing Parkinson’s disease (PD). LRRK2 mutations in PD have been shown to enhance its association with microtubules. Here is the latest research.