Jun 15, 1984

Maternal, fetal, and neonatal lidocaine levels following local perineal infiltration

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
E H PhilipsonC D Syracuse

Abstract

Local infiltration of the perineum is a simple and commonly used technique for providing pain relief for episiotomy. It has always been considered safe and effective because a small amount of local anesthetic agent could be administered quickly and accurately to the perineum just prior to vaginal delivery and cord clamping. Because of the short time interval between local infiltration and delivery, very little anesthetic was thought to reach the fetus. However, the maternal and neonatal disposition of lidocaine following local perineal infiltration has not been well studied. The purpose of this study was to document placental transfer or nontransfer of lidocaine following local perineal infiltration. Fifteen normal parturient women at term and their infants were studied. After local perineal infiltration, the concentrations of lidocaine and two metabolites--monoethyl glycine xylidide and glycine xylidide --were determined in maternal plasma, in the umbilical cord vein at delivery, and in maternal and neonatal plasma or urine for 2 days post partum. Lidocaine and its metabolites were quantitated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The pharmacologic results indicated the following: First, lidocaine is detected in maternal pl...Continue Reading

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  • Citations18

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Urine
Entire Fetus
Entire Vein
Body Parts - Epidural
Monoethylglycinexylidide, 3H,1-(14)C-labeled
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Umbilical Cord Structure
Glycine
Entire Perineum
Glycine (Plant)

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