Maternal high-fat diet increases anhedonic behavior and modulates hippocampal Mash1 and BDNF expression in adult offspring.

Neuroscience Letters
Haidar Tafner CuriCristiano Mendes-da-Silva

Abstract

The consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) during pregnancy and perinatal periods can lead to long-term effects in the offspring central nervous system, affecting pathways related to neurogenesis and behavior, and increasing predispositions to depressive and anxiety-like behaviors. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effects of a maternal HFD on the hippocampi of adult offspring and behaviors related to anxiety and depression. The protein and mRNA expression of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), Mash1, Notch1, Hes5, serotonin transporter (SERT), 5-HT1A serotonergic receptor (5-HT1A), tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (TPH2, key enzyme of serotonin synthesis), JNK and pJNK were analyzed in the hippocampi of male Swiss mice. Hippocampal serotonin levels were measured using ELISA. The lipid peroxidation, total oxidant status, total antioxidant status, and GSH/GSSG were evaluated as oxidative stress measures. For the behavioral analysis, the open field, elevated plus maze, and sucrose preference tests were used. Maternal HFD led to increased body weight in dams and their offspring, as well as altered body composition and LDL levels in the offspring. There were no alterations in oxidative stress or JNK phosphorylation. Hippoca...Continue Reading

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