Jun 1, 1991

Maternal insulin to lower the risk of fetal macrosomia in diabetic pregnancy

Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
D R Coustan


Fetal macrosomia is a well-recognized adverse outcome associated with gestational diabetes. Weekly measurement of fasting and postprandial glucose should identify those with fasting (greater than or equal to 100 or 105 mg/dl) or postprandial (greater than or equal to 120 mg/dl 2 hours after a meal) hyperglycemia who are at increased risk for perinatal mortality. If the prevention of macrosomia is desired, the use of prophylactic insulin, initiated as early as possible, but at the latest before 36 weeks' gestation, without regard to glycemia is effective. Alternatively, glucose self-monitoring (four to six times daily with institution of insulin treatment when fasting glucose exceeds some arbitrary threshold such as 90 mg/dl or postprandial values exceed a threshold such as 100 mg/dl) is likely to be equally effective with fewer patients requiring insulin injections.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Pregnancy in Diabetics
Gestational Diabetes
Insulin B Chain
Drugs used in migraine prophylaxis
Fetal Macrosomia
Dextranase Activity
Prophylactic Behavior
Blood Glucose

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