Mathematical modeling of ventilator-induced lung inflammation.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Sarah MinucciAngela M Reynolds

Abstract

Respiratory infections, such as the novel coronavirus (SARS-COV-2) and other lung injuries, damage the pulmonary epithelium. In the most severe cases this leads to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Due to respiratory failure associated with ARDS, the clinical intervention is the use of mechanical ventilation. Despite the benefits of mechanical ventilators, prolonged or misuse of these ventilators may lead to ventilation-associated/ventilation-induced lung injury (VILI). Damage caused to epithelial cells within the alveoli can lead to various types of complications and increased mortality rates. A key component of the immune response is recruitment of macrophages, immune cells that differentiate into phenotypes with unique pro- and/or anti-inflammatory roles based on the surrounding environment. An imbalance in pro- and anti-inflammatory responses can have deleterious effects on the individual's health. To gain a greater understanding of the mechanisms of the immune response to VILI and post-ventilation outcomes, we develop a mathematical model of interactions between the immune system and site of damage while accounting for macrophage polarization. Through Latin hypercube sampling we generate a virtual cohort of patie...Continue Reading

Citations

Nov 21, 2020·CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology·Wei DaiRichard Allen

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