Matrix algorithms for solving (in)homogeneous bound state equations

Computer Physics Communications
M Blank, A Krassnigg

Abstract

In the functional approach to quantum chromodynamics, the properties of hadronic bound states are accessible via covariant integral equations, e.g. the Bethe-Salpeter equation for mesons. In particular, one has to deal with linear, homogeneous integral equations which, in sophisticated model setups, use numerical representations of the solutions of other integral equations as part of their input. Analogously, inhomogeneous equations can be constructed to obtain off-shell information in addition to bound-state masses and other properties obtained from the covariant analogue to a wave function of the bound state. These can be solved very efficiently using well-known matrix algorithms for eigenvalues (in the homogeneous case) and the solution of linear systems (in the inhomogeneous case). We demonstrate this by solving the homogeneous and inhomogeneous Bethe-Salpeter equations and find, e.g. that for the calculation of the mass spectrum it is as efficient or even advantageous to use the inhomogeneous equation as compared to the homogeneous. This is valuable insight, in particular for the study of baryons in a three-quark setup and more involved systems.

References

Jul 1, 1985·Physical Review. D·S Godfrey, N Isgur
Nov 1, 1986·Physical Review. D·S Capstick, N Isgur
Dec 1, 1993·Physical Review. D·P Jain, H J Munczek

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Software Mentioned

ARPACK
BiCGstab

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