DOI: 10.1101/506568Dec 26, 2018Paper

MAVS polymers smaller than 80 nm induce mitochondrial membrane remodeling and interferon signaling

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ming-Shih HwangYorgo Modis

Abstract

Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) is a potent proinflammatory signature of viral infection. Oligomerization of RIG-I-like receptors on cytosolic dsRNA nucleates self-assembly of the mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS). In the current signaling model, the caspase recruitment domains of MAVS form helical fibrils that self-propagate like prions to promote signaling complex assembly. However, there is no conclusive evidence that MAVS forms fibrils in cells or with the transmembrane anchor present. We show here with super-resolution light microscopy that MAVS activation by dsRNA induces mitochondrial membrane remodeling. Quantitative image analysis at imaging resolutions as high as 32 nm shows that in the cellular context MAVS signaling complexes and the fibrils within them are smaller than 80 nm. The transmembrane domain of MAVS is required for its membrane remodeling, interferon signaling and proapoptotic activities. We conclude that membrane tethering of MAVS restrains its polymerization and contributes to mitochondrial remodeling and apoptosis upon dsRNA sensing.

Related Concepts

Diagnostic Imaging
Interferons
Mitochondria
RNA, Double-Stranded
Virus Diseases
Apoptosis
Fibril - Cell Component
Light Microscopy
Caspase-1
Membrane

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