Maximizing the diagnostic utility of endoscopic biopsy in dogs and cats with gastrointestinal disease

The Veterinary Journal
Albert E JergensK Allenspach

Abstract

Flexible endoscopy has become a valuable tool for the diagnosis of many small animal gastrointestinal (GI) diseases, but the techniques must be performed carefully so that the results are meaningful. This article reviews the current diagnostic utility of flexible endoscopy, including practical/technical considerations for endoscopic biopsy, optimal instrumentation for mucosal specimen collection, the correlation of endoscopic indices to clinical activity and to histopathologic findings, and new developments in the endoscopic diagnosis of GI disease. Recent studies have defined endoscopic biopsy guidelines for the optimal number and quality of diagnostic specimens from different regions of the gut. They also have shown the value of ileal biopsy in the diagnosis of canine and feline chronic enteropathies, and have demonstrated the utility of endoscopic biopsy specimens beyond routine hematoxylin and eosin histopathological analysis, including their use in immunohistochemical, microbiological, and molecular studies.

References

Oct 1, 1990·Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation : Official Publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc·L RothC F Burrows
Jul 1, 1990·Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin. Reihe A·I van der Gaag, R P Happé
Mar 7, 1987·The Veterinary Record·J W Simpson, R W Else
Aug 8, 2001·The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice·D L Zoran
Aug 8, 2001·The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice·M D Willard
Aug 24, 2001·Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association·M D WillardB R Weeks
May 7, 2002·Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association·Michael D WillardJacque L Harbison
Jan 31, 2003·Gastrointestinal Endoscopy·Sukhdeep PaddaFrancisco C Ramirez
May 31, 2003·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·Albert E JergensRichard Evans
Jul 23, 2003·Gastrointestinal Endoscopy·Céline BourguignonMarie-Christine Woronoff-Lemsi
Jan 11, 1964·British Medical Journal·J H BARONJ E LENNARD-JONES
Oct 14, 2003·The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice·Joanne Mansell, Michael D Willard
Jul 23, 2004·The Journal of Small Animal Practice·M CravenM L Chandler
Aug 24, 2004·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·Roger A HostutlerW Grant Guilford
Jan 11, 2005·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·Nashwa E WalyMichael J Day
Jan 24, 2007·Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound : the Official Journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association·James Sutherland-SmithCynthia R L Webster
Jun 7, 2007·Clinical Otolaryngology : Official Journal of ENT-UK ; Official Journal of Netherlands Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology & Cervico-Facial Surgery·C E MurrayK MacKenzie
Jul 5, 2007·The Journal of Small Animal Practice·T M McCannJ W Simpson
Aug 22, 2007·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·K AllenspachF Gaschen
Apr 5, 2008·Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology·Erin C BridgefordJames G Fox
Aug 5, 2008·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·N M S SchreinerK Allenspach
Dec 17, 2008·Topics in Companion Animal Medicine·Craig B Webb
Jul 7, 2009·Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery·Amy E LingardVanessa R Barrs
Dec 17, 2009·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·D Casamian-SorrosalM J Day
Apr 15, 2010·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·R J WashabauUNKNOWN WSAVA International Gastrointestinal Standardization Group
Apr 14, 2011·The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice·Karin Allenspach
Apr 14, 2011·The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice·Kenneth W Simpson, Albert E Jergens
Apr 14, 2011·The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice·Tracy Gieger
May 19, 2011·Journal of Veterinary Science·Mercedes García-SanchoFernando Rodríguez-Franco
Sep 10, 2011·Digestive Diseases and Sciences·Jai Hoon YoonDong Hee Kim
Jun 28, 2012·Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery·Albert E Jergens
Jul 26, 2012·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·R N LarsonD S Foy
Aug 2, 2012·American Journal of Veterinary Research·Vicki L WilkeAlbert E Jergens

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Dec 12, 2019·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·Sonja KarlovitsNicole Luckschander-Zeller
Oct 12, 2018·BMC Veterinary Research·Mathieu V PaulinValérie Freiche
Feb 16, 2020·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·Noriyuki NagataMitsuyoshi Takiguchi
Nov 15, 2020·The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice·Sina Marsilio
Apr 7, 2021·The Journal of Small Animal Practice·S Marsilio
Jun 3, 2021·Animals : an Open Access Journal From MDPI·Alexandros HardasSimon L Priestnall
Jul 24, 2021·Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation : Official Publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc·Guido RocchigianiFrancisco A Uzal

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

Compendium : Continuing Education for Veterinarians
Suliman Al-GhazlatJean Ferreri
American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Nancy JiangKenneth W Altman
Compendium : Continuing Education for Veterinarians
Jonathan E Fogle, Sally A Bissett
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved