MDCT and MRI of the ampulla of Vater. Part I: technique optimization, normal anatomy, and epithelial neoplasms

Abdominal Imaging
Francesco AlessandrinoKoenraad J Mortele


The purpose of this two-part article is to review the cross-sectional anatomy of the ampulla and periampullary region, to propose novel and optimized MDCT and MRI techniques that allow accurate evaluation of the ampulla of Vater, and to summarize the cross-sectional imaging features of benign and malignant ampullary conditions. In this first part, we will review the normal anatomy of the ampullary region, provide suggestions on how to optimize evaluation of the ampullary region by MDCT and MRI, and review the imaging features of select epithelial neoplasms of the ampulla. Familiarity with the normal ampullary anatomy and the pathologic conditions involving the ampulla, as well as the use of optimized MDCT and MRI techniques, may improve the diagnostic accuracy of radiologists facing ampullary abnormalities.


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