Mean mid-arm circumference and blood pressure cuff sizes for US children, adolescents and adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2016

Blood Pressure Monitoring
Yechiam OstchegaGuangyu Zhang


Measuring blood pressure (BP) requires an appropriate BP cuff size given measured mid-arm circumference (mid-AC). To provide mid-AC means and percentiles for US population aged more than 3 years and examine the frequency distribution of mid-AC cuffed by Baum and Welch Allyn cuff systems. The 2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a cross-sectional survey, was used to estimate mean mid-AC (n=24 723). Mean mid-AC did not differ from 2011 to 2016 (31.0 vs. 31.3 cm, P>0.05). During 2011-2016, mean mid-AC was greater for males than females (32.0 vs. 30.4 cm, P<0.001) and was largest among adults 40-49 years (34.0 cm). Non-Hispanic Black persons had the largest mean mid-AC (32.0 cm) and non-Hispanic Asian persons the smallest (28.4 cm). Increased BMI was associated with increased mean mid-AC for those 3-19 years (normal, 22.0 cm and obese, 31.5 cm, P<0.001) and more than 20 years (normal, 28.2 cm and obese, 37.8 cm, P<0.001). Among those aged 8-17 years, high BP status was associated with a larger mean mid-AC (normotensive 26.1 cm vs. high BP 28.2 cm, P=0.001). Among adults aged 18 years and older, hypertension status was associated with a larger mean mid-AC (normotensive 32.4 cm vs. hypertensive 34.2 cm, P<0.001...Continue Reading


Dec 1, 1977·The Journal of Pediatrics·L G Lum, M D Jones
May 1, 1991·Annals of Epidemiology·R J Prineas
Oct 1, 1989·Journal of Hypertension·P H WhincupA G Shaper
Aug 15, 1995·Circulation·M W Gillman, N R Cook
Jul 29, 2000·Blood Pressure Monitoring·L A Marks, A Groch
Dec 6, 2003·Hypertension·Aram V ChobanianNational High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee
Mar 17, 2004·Blood Pressure Monitoring·Bruce S Alpert
Apr 30, 2011·Blood Pressure Monitoring·Bruce S Alpert
Jun 24, 2015·Journal of the American Society of Hypertension : JASH·Jennifer RingroseRaj Padwal
Mar 24, 2018·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·Craig M HalesCynthia L Ogden


Mar 7, 2020·Journal of Hypertension·Paolo PalatiniEuropean Society of Hypertension Working Group on Blood Pressure Monitoring, Cardiovascular Variability, the International S
May 7, 2020·Current Opinion in Cardiology·Andrew H Tran, Elaine M Urbina

Related Concepts

Upper Arm
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Hypertensive Disease
Continuous Sphygmomanometers
Body Mass Index Procedure
Blood Pressure
Cross-Sectional Studies
Pharmacy (Field)

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.