PMID: 23534317Jan 1, 2012Paper

Measurement and assessment of pain in children--a review

The Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Amit A JainAutar Krishen Munshi

Abstract

Pain is a common experience during childhood. Despite the magnitude of effects that pain can have on a child, it is often inadequately assessed and treated. Numerous myths, insufficient knowledge among caregivers, and inadequate application of knowledge contribute to the lack of effective management. The pediatric pain experience involves the interaction of physiologic, psychologic, behavioral, developmental, and situational factors. Pain is an inherently subjective multifactorial experience and should be assessed and treated as such. Pediatric Dentists are responsible for eliminating or assuaging pain and suffering in children when possible. To accomplish this, we need to expand our knowledge, use appropriate assessment tools and techniques, anticipate painful experiences and intervene accordingly. As an assessment of pain which constitutes the foundation for all pain treatment, developing valid measures is both a clinical and research challenge. Clinicians and researchers should select measures with full knowledge of their psychometric strengths and weakness, as well as in keeping with their explicit conceptual model of pain. The purpose of this paper is to address potential sources of pain measurement, and responses to pain ...Continue Reading

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