PMID: 23534317Jan 1, 2012Paper

Measurement and assessment of pain in children--a review

The Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Amit A JainAutar Krishen Munshi


Pain is a common experience during childhood. Despite the magnitude of effects that pain can have on a child, it is often inadequately assessed and treated. Numerous myths, insufficient knowledge among caregivers, and inadequate application of knowledge contribute to the lack of effective management. The pediatric pain experience involves the interaction of physiologic, psychologic, behavioral, developmental, and situational factors. Pain is an inherently subjective multifactorial experience and should be assessed and treated as such. Pediatric Dentists are responsible for eliminating or assuaging pain and suffering in children when possible. To accomplish this, we need to expand our knowledge, use appropriate assessment tools and techniques, anticipate painful experiences and intervene accordingly. As an assessment of pain which constitutes the foundation for all pain treatment, developing valid measures is both a clinical and research challenge. Clinicians and researchers should select measures with full knowledge of their psychometric strengths and weakness, as well as in keeping with their explicit conceptual model of pain. The purpose of this paper is to address potential sources of pain measurement, and responses to pain ...Continue Reading

Associated Clinical Trials


Feb 1, 1992·Journal of Pediatric Psychology·B AmbuelJ L Blumer
Jun 1, 1992·The Clinical Journal of Pain·C C JohnstonM E Jeans
Oct 1, 1991·Research in Nursing & Health·M D TeslerS M Paul
Feb 1, 1990·Controlled Clinical Trials·R JaeschkeG H Guyatt
Aug 1, 1990·Research in Nursing & Health·M E Wewers, N K Lowe
Aug 1, 1989·Pediatric Clinics of North America·J E Beyer, N Wells
Apr 1, 1988·Journal of Pediatric Surgery·K J Anand, A Aynsley-Green
Nov 19, 1987·The New England Journal of Medicine·K J Anand, P R Hickey
Dec 1, 1987·Journal of Pediatric Psychology·C H ElliottP Woody
Mar 1, 1987·Pain·Ruth V E Grunau, Kenneth D Craig
Apr 1, 1987·Pain·Anne Gaffney, Elizabeth A Dunne
Jan 1, 1987·Journal of Chronic Diseases·G H GuyattJ L Keller
May 1, 1985·Seminars in Oncology Nursing·J M Eland
Jan 1, 1985·Journal of Chronic Diseases·B Kirshner, G Guyatt
Jan 1, 1971·Anesthesiology·R Melzack, W S Torgerson
Mar 1, 1983·Pain·L Mather, J Mackie
Aug 1, 1995·Journal of Pain and Symptom Management·A TaddioG Koren
Aug 1, 1994·Journal of Pediatric Psychology·H D HadjistavropoulosC C Johnston
Aug 25, 1994·The New England Journal of Medicine·G A WalcoN L Schechter
Jun 1, 1994·Journal of Pediatric Psychology·K D CraigM F Whitfield
Nov 1, 1993·Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing : JOGNN·B J StevensL Horton
Apr 1, 1994·Psychological Reports·A R Shih, C L von Baeyer
May 1, 1996·Journal of Pain and Symptom Management·M Choinière, R Amsel
May 1, 1996·Journal of Pain and Symptom Management·M E BroomeM Alexander
Mar 1, 1996·The Clinical Journal of Pain·B StevensA Taddio
Jan 1, 1996·Pain·Allen G FinleyPeter Fitzgerald
Jan 1, 1997·Paediatric Anaesthesia·N S Morton
Nov 1, 1996·Pain·E A CummingsJ A Ritchie
Mar 21, 1998·Journal of Pediatric Nursing·J E Beyer, C B Knott
Mar 27, 1998·Journal of Advanced Nursing·J P HamersR J Halfens

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