Measuring aqueous solubility in the presence of small cosolvent volume fractions by passive dosing

Environmental Science & Technology
Hyuck-Chul Kwon, Jung-Hwan Kwon


A new passive dosing method was developed to determine aqueous solubility of hydrophobic chemicals. In the passive dosing method, chemical crystals were loaded to a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) phase to maintain the maximum chemical activity and to prevent direct contact of chemical crystals with the aqueous solution. Eight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were chosen covering their literature aqueous solubility from 0.001 to 30 mg L(-1). Values of the aqueous solubility for less hydrophobic PAHs (naphthalene, 2-methylnaphthalene, and fluorene) were measured by an Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development (OECD)-recommended generator column method and those for more hydrophobic PAHs (anthracene, chrysene, and benzo(a)pyrene) were measured by the passive dosing method. For phenanthrene and pyrene, both methods were used for comparison. The results obtained by the passive dosing method were very close to those obtained by the generator column method. Aqueous solubilities in deionized water for more hydrophobic PAHs obtained using the passive dosing method agreed very well with values reported in the literature, suggesting the utility of the passive dosing method for the determination of aqueous solubility for ...Continue Reading


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