Mechanical alternans in human idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy is caused with impaired force-frequency relationship and enhanced poststimulation potentiation

Heart and Vessels
Takeshi KashimuraYoshifusa Aizawa

Abstract

Mechanical alternans (MA) is frequently observed in patients with heart failure, and is a predictor of cardiac events. However, there have been controversies regarding the conditions and mechanisms of MA. To clarify heart rate-dependent contractile properties related to MA, we performed incremental right atrial pacing in 17 idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients and in six control patients. The maximal increase in left ventricular dP/dt during pacing-induced tachycardia was assessed as the force gain in the force-frequency relationship (FG-FFR), and the maximal increase in left ventricular dP/dt of the first post-pacing beats was examined as the force gain in poststimulation potentiation (FG-PSP). As a result, MA was induced in 9 DCM patients (DCM MA(+)) but not in the other 8 DCM patients (DCM MA(-)), and not in any of the control patients. DCM MA(+) had significantly lower FG-FFR (34.7 ± 40.9 vs 159.4 ± 103.9 mmHg/s, P = 0.0091) and higher FG-PSP (500.0 ± 96.8 vs 321.9 ± 94.9 mmHg/s, P = 0.0017), and accordingly a wider gap between FG-PSP and FG-FFR (465.3 ± 119.4 vs 162.5 ± 123.6 mmHg/s, P = 0.0001) than DCM MA(-) patients. These characteristics of DCM MA(+) showed clear contrasts to those of the control patients. ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
Cardiomyopathy, Familial Idiopathic
Electrocardiographic Recorders
Cardiac Catheterization Procedures
Pulse Rate
Myocardial Contraction
Nested Case-Control Studies
Left Ventricular Function
Ventricular Function, Right
Tachycardia, Ventricular

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