Sep 19, 2003

Mechanical strain-stimulated remodeling of tissue-engineered blood vessel constructs

Tissue Engineering
D SeliktarZ S Galis

Abstract

Progress in tissue-engineering research has renewed optimism about the possibility of constructing a physiologically functional blood vessel substitute in the laboratory. To this end, we have explored the use of defined mechanical stimulation to further the development of vascular tissue analogs. We now report our findings on smooth muscle cell and fibroblast-seeded collagen constructs exposed to 10% cyclic strain for 4 or 8 days. Our results demonstrate that 4-day strained constructs exhibit an enhancement of mechanical properties, likely through the remodeling actions of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2). Strain-stimulated expression of MMP-2 is accompanied by alterations in elastin and collagen gene expression. In the context of tissue engineering a blood vessel construct, we report that strain-stimulated regulation of MMP-2 activity could have a favorable impact on the structural development of the constructs whereas overexpression of MMP-2 during prolonged exposure to strain (8 days) could have adverse consequences on the structural integrity of the tissue analogs. Taken together, these results illustrate the importance of mechanical stimulus as a major regulatory component of tissue-engineered blood vessel remodeling.

  • References17
  • Citations90

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

ELN gene
Stress, Mechanical
Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 Measurement
Blood Vessel
Myocytes, Smooth Muscle
Analog
Matrix Metalloproteinase 2
MMP-2 Activity
Zyderm
Entire Blood Vessel

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.