Feb 1, 1976

Mechanism of action of anticonvulsants. Role of the differential effects on the active uptake of putative neurotransmitters

Neurology
J WeinbergerS Berl

Abstract

The effect of pentobarbital and phenytoin on the high-affinity uptake of the putative neurotransmitters gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamate, and norepinephrine was examined in synaptosomes prepared from rat brain. Both pentobarbital and phenytoin inhibited the uptake of norepinephrine. Pentobarbital increased the uptake of GABA twofold and only slightly increased the uptake of glutamate. Phenytoin facilitated GABA uptake to a lesser extent than did pentobarbital, but also increased the uptake of glutamate. This suggests that these drugs may limit the propagation of seizures through the balance of excitatory glutamate pathways and inhibitory GABA and norepinephrine pathways. The contrasting effects of these drugs on GABA and glutamate uptake may be related to the hypnotic properties of pentobarbital not present in phenytoin.

  • References
  • Citations27

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Diabutal
Anticonvulsants
Brain
Uptake
Norepinephrine, (+, -)-Isomer
Hypnotics
Contrast Used
Sedatives
Norepinephrine

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.