PMID: 39894Aug 1, 1979

Mechanism of action of Yersinia enterocolitica enterotoxin

Infection and Immunity
R M Robins-BrowneH J Koornhof

Abstract

Enterotoxin derived from three clinical isolates of Yersinia enterocolitica was compared with the heat-stable enterotoxin of Escherichia coli. Both toxins were biologically active in infant mice examined at 2 h and in ligated rabbit ileal loops at 6 h. Neither substance, however, produced changes in ligated ileal loops at 18 h or in Chinese hamster ovary or Y1 adrenal tissue cultures. In addition, both Y. enterocolitica enterotoxin concentrated approximately 20 times by ammonium sulfate precipitation and ultrafiltration and a similarly prepared sample of E. coli heat-stable enterotoxin stimulated the activity of guanylate cyclase but not that of adenylate cyclase in infant mouse intestine. These findings suggest that the role of enterotoxin in the pathogenesis of intestinal Y.enterocolitica infection may be similar to that of heat-stable enterotoxin in E. coli diarrhea.

Citations

Jan 1, 1994·Critical Reviews in Microbiology·Y u PolotskyT h Khavkin
Jan 1, 1983·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·M Lopez-Brea, M L Jimenez
Jan 1, 1980·Microbiology and Immunology·K OkamotoS Yoshii
Sep 1, 1994·Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology·W GogartenJ D Schulzke
Aug 26, 2006·Journal of Veterinary Medicine. B, Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health·A Platt-SamorajZ Procajło
Jul 6, 1989·The New England Journal of Medicine·T L Cover, R C Aber

Related Concepts

Adenylate Cyclase
Bacterial Toxins
Enterotoxins
Enzyme Activation
Guanylate Cyclase
Intestines
Water-Electrolyte Balance
Yersinia <bacteria>

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved