Mechanism of citrinin-induced dysfunction of mitochondria. II. Effect on respiration, enzyme activities, and membrane potential of liver mitochondria

Cell Biochemistry and Function
G M ChagasM L Klüppel


The mycotoxin citrinin, depressed the phosphorylation efficiency of liver mitochondria as deduced from a decrease of respiratory coefficient and of the ADP/O ratio. Citrinin (1.0 mM) inhibited some enzymes linked to the respiratory chain, namely NADH oxidase and NADH cytochrome c reductase involved with complex I. The activities of enzymes related with other enzymatic complexes of the respiratory chain were either unaffected or enhanced. ATPase activity was inhibited by the mycotoxin. Malate, glutamate, and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenases were also inhibited. The transmembrane potential (delta psi), developed by energized mitochondria and depolarization on the addition of ADP, was decreased. The results suggest that citrinin promotes a partial dissipation of the transmembrane potential, different from that resulting from a classical uncoupler such as 2,4-dinitrophenol.


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