Sep 1, 1976

Mechanism of discrimination between cognate and non-cognate tRNAs by phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase from yeast

European Journal of Biochemistry
G KraussG Maass


The interaction between phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase from yeast and Escherichia coli and tRNAPhe (yeast), tRNASer (yeast), tRNA1Val (E. coli) has been investigated by ultracentrifugation analysis, fluorescence titrations and fast kinetic techniques. The fluorescence of the Y-base of tRNAPhe and the intrinsic fluorescence of the synthetases have been used as optical indicators. 1. Specific complexes between phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase and tRNAPhe from yeast are formed in a two-step mechanism: a nearly diffusion-controlled recombination is followed by a fast conformational transition. Binding constants, rate constants and changes in the quantum yield of the Y-base fluorescence upon binding are given under a variety of conditions with respect to pH, added salt, concentration of Mg2+ ions and temperature. 2. Heterologous complexes between phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase (E. coli) and tRNAPhe (yeast) are formed in a similar two-step mechanism as the specific complexes; the conformational transition, however, is slower by a factor 4-5. 3. Formation of non-specific complexes between phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase (yeast) and tRNATyr (E. coli) proceeds in a one-step mechanism. Phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase (yeast) binds either two molecules...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Phenylalanine-Specific tRNA
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Structure-Activity Relationship
Complex (molecular entity)
MT-TA gene
Triplet Codon-amino Acid Adaptor Activity
One-Step Dentin Bonding System
Recombination, Genetic
Transfer RNA

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