Mechanism of potentiation by amines of non-equilibrium blockade of the alpha-adrenoceptor

British Journal of Pharmacology
S Kalsner

Abstract

1. The mechanism by which sympathomimetic and certain other amines enhance blockade of the alpha-adrenoceptors by the non-equilibrium antagonist N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) in strips of rabbit aorta was examined.2. Non-equilibrium blockade of the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors by EEDQ was not increased by sympathomimetic amines and was decreased by 5-hydroxytryptamine.3. Low concentrations of reversible competitive antagonists appeared to protect selectively against the additional blockade by EEDQ which develops in the presence of an amine.4. Phenoxybenzamine potentiated EEDQ blockade of the alpha-receptors but not of the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors.5. Augmentation of EEDQ blockade was also detected in a variety of other tissues, but not in segments of rabbit intestine where alpha-adrenoceptors mediate an inhibitory response.6. It was concluded that EEDQ acts at two sites in antagonizing alpha-receptor mediated responses, and that one of these sites (site II) is separate from the site of action of agonists and phenoxybenzamine (site I). Amines which enhance blockade appear to exert their action by combining with a third site (site III), which may induce a conformational alteration at site II.7. It app...Continue Reading

References

Jan 1, 1975·Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology·E O Titus
Aug 1, 1976·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·R R RuffoloP N Patil
Mar 1, 1983·Journal of Autonomic Pharmacology·A Gibson, O Yu
Jun 1, 1977·The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology·R R RuffoloP N Patil

Citations

Jun 1, 1968·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·A Karlin, M Winnik
Sep 1, 1968·Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology·S Kalsner, M Nickerson
Sep 1, 1967·British Journal of Pharmacology and Chemotherapy·I S De la LandeJ G Waterson
Feb 1, 1967·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·J P ChangeuxC Kittel

Related Concepts

Sympathomimetics
Anesthesia, Conduction
Z-Max
Sympathomimetic Disorder
Exertion
Amines
Phenoxybenzamine Hydrochloride
Structure-Activity Relationship
Serotonin
Antagonist Muscle Action

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