PMID: 577158Feb 1, 1977

Mechanism of the cardioprotective effect of triamterene in the rat heart. Myocardial protection via elevation of extracellular K+ and Mg++ concentrations

A FleckensteinB Hein


1. 2,4,7-Triamino-6-phenyl-pteridine (triamterene) protects the rat heart against isoproterenol-induced myocardial lesions: Whilst cardiotoxic doses of isoproterenol produce deleterious myocardial Ca overload, simultaneous admistration of triamterene diminishes myocardial Ca incorporation considerably. 2. As to the mechanism of action, triamterene increases the plasma contents of K and Mg by inhibiting renal excretion. Accordingly, oral administration of K and Mg salts, leading to a similar rise in the K and Mg concentrations of the plasma, also prevents abundant myocardial Ca incorporation. 3. Cardioprotection by triamterene can, in fact, be simply explained by its action on the plasma K and (particularly) Mg levels. This conclusion is drawn from a quantitative comparison of the inhibitory effects of triamterene (40 mg/kg s.c.) with those of KCl or MgCl2 (10 mMol/kg p.o.) on the isoproterenol-induced increase in myocardial 45Ca uptake and absolute Ca concentration. 4. Isoproterenol induced cardiomyopathy of the rat, an experimental model of non-coronarogenic myocardial lesions, has hitherto been successfully prevented with the use of Ca-antagonists (verapamil, D 600, prenylamine, fendiline). These compounds reduce Ca influx by...Continue Reading

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