PMID: 6451Jun 10, 1976

Mechanism of the irreversible inhibition of aspartate aminotransferase by the bacterial toxin L-2-amino-4-methoxy-trans-3-butenoic acid.

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
R R RandoL Cheng


The naturally occurring toxin L-2-amino-4-methoxy-trans-3-butenoic (AMB) acid irreversibly inhibits pyridoxal phosphate-linked aspartate aminotransferase. The inhibitor is a substrate for the enzyme, and as such is converted into a highly reactive intermediate which chemically reacts with an active site residue, thus irreversibly inactivating the enzyme. Enzymological and model studies on AMB are presented which enable one to determine the precise mechanism of action of this toxin. The mechanism involves Schiff base formation between the enzyme and toxin followed by alpha-C--H bond cleavage and aldimine isomerization to generate a bifunctional Michael acceptor. This molecule alkylates an active site residue by an addition and elimination route.

Related Concepts

2-amino-4-methoxy-3-butenoic acid, (E)-isomer
SGOT - Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase
Binding Sites
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

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