Mar 1, 1990

Mechanism of the potentiation of neurally-induced bronchoconstriction by gallamine in the guinea-pig

British Journal of Pharmacology
M Del MonteA Subissi

Abstract

1. Electrical stimulation of the cervical vagi (15 Hz, 0.2 ms, 3 s, 7-15 V) produced a slight bronchoconstriction in the anaesthetized guinea-pig. This effect was fully abolished by atropine, while gallamine (0.1-10 mumol kg-1) produced a dose-dependent increase up to ten fold. 2. Gallamine-induced potentiation of neurally-mediated bronchoconstriction was not inhibited by depletion of sensory neuropeptides with capsaicin or by pretreatment with pyrilamine. In propranolol-pretreated guinea-pigs the potentiation induced by gallamine 3 and 10 mumol kg-1 was inhibited by 40 and 46%, respectively. 3. Physostigmine (0.5 mg kg-1) produced a very slight and slowly developing bronchoconstriction in the anaesthetized guinea-pig, which was also potentiated dose-dependently by gallamine (0.1-10 mumol kg-1). 4. Gallamine (10 mumol kg-1) potentiated the bronchial anaphylactic response induced by aerosol challenge with ovalbumin in actively sensitized guinea-pigs. 5. These results suggest that neither sensory neuropeptides nor histamine are involved in the gallamine-induced potentiation of neurally-mediated bronchoconstriction, while inhibition of the sympathetic nervous system may play a minor role. They are in general agreement with the hyp...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Histamine Measurement
Gallamine
Bronchial System
Parasympathetic Nerve Structure
Pyrilamine
Sympathetic Nervous System
Cavia
Flaxedil
Lopirin
Action Potentials

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