Dec 1, 1996

Mechanism of ventricular rate control after radiofrequency modification of atrioventricular conduction in patients with atrial fibrillation

Circulation
Steven M MarkowitzB B Lerman

Abstract

Modification of atrioventricular (AV) conduction during atrial fibrillation (AF) may be achieved by radiofrequency ablation in the posteroseptal region of the tricuspid annulus. We tested the hypothesis that elimination of the posterior atrionodal input rather than direct damage to the compact AV node accounts for the decrease in ventricular rate after AV nodal modification. Twenty-four patients with the typical form of AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) underwent selective radiofrequency ablation of the slow AV nodal pathway in the posteroseptal tricuspid annulus. AF was induced before ablation (phase 1), 30 minutes after ablation (phase 2), and during follow-up 24 hours after ablation (phase 3), both with and without concurrent infusion of isoproterenol (4 micrograms/min). Successful elimination of AVNRT was achieved in all patients. During phase 3, 11 patients (46%) had residual dual pathway physiology. AV nodal Wenckebach cycle length (AVNW-CL) increased progressively during each phase of the protocol (356 +/- 72 versus 371 +/- 78 ms versus 432 +/- 104 ms, P < .0001), as did the effective refractory period of the AV node (279 +/- 60 versus 304 +/- 67 ms versus 372 +/- 56 ms, P < .0001). Minimal, mean, and maximal RR int...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Refractory Period, Electrophysiological
Nerve Conduction Function
Atrial Fibrillation
Refractory Period
Novodrin
Structure of Atrioventricular Node
Ventricular Function
NODAL gene
Cardiotonic Agents

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