Mar 27, 2020

Pinpointing of cysteine oxidation sites in vivo by high-resolution proteomics reveals mechanism of redox-dependent inhibition of STING

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Andrew M. OsterNathalie Grandvaux


Protein function is regulated by post-translational modifications, among which reversible oxidation of Cys (Cys ox-PTM) emerged as a key regulatory mechanism of cellular responses. The redox regulation of virus-host interactions is well documented, but in most cases, proteins subjected to Cys ox-PTM remain unknown. The identification of Cys ox-PTM sites in vivo is essential to underpin our understanding of the mechanisms of the redox regulation. In this study, we present a proteome-wide identification of reversible Cys ox-PTM sites in vivo during stimulation by oxidants using a maleimide-based bioswitch method coupled to mass spectrometry. We identified 2720 unique Cys ox-PTM sites encompassing 1473 proteins with distinct abundance, location and functions. Label-free quantification (LFQ)-based analysis revealed the enrichment of ox-PTM in numerous pathways, many relevant to virus-host interaction. Here, we focused on the oxidation of STING, the central adaptor of the innate immune type I interferon pathway induced upon detection of cytosolic DNA. We provide the first in vivo demonstration of reversible oxidation of Cys148 and Cys206 of STING. Molecular analyses led us to establish a new model in which Cys148 oxidation is consti...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Pars Compacta
Body Regions
In Vivo
Projections and Predictions
biphasix-vaccine targeting adjuvant
Entire Midbrain

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Amygdala and Midbrain Dopamine

The midbrain dopamine system is widely studied for its involvement in emotional and motivational behavior. Some of these neurons receive information from the amygdala and project throughout the cortex. When the circuit and transmission of dopamine is disrupted symptoms may present. Here is the latest research on the amygdala and midbrain dopamine.