Mechanistic investigation into the arrhythmogenic role of transmural heterogeneities in regional ischaemia phase 1A.

Europace : European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology : Journal of the Working Groups on Cardiac Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Cellular Electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology
Brock M TiceNatalia Trayanova


Studies of arrhythmogenesis during ischemia have focused primarily on reentrant mechanisms manifested on the epicardial surface. The goal of this study was to use a physiologically-accurate model of acute regional ischemia phase 1A to determine the contribution of ischaemia-induced transmural electrophysiological heterogeneities to arrhythmogenesis following left anterior descending artery occlusion. A slice through a geometrical model of the rabbit ventricles was extracted and a model of regional ischaemia developed. The model included a central ischaemic zone incorporating transmural gradients of I(K(ATP)) activation and [K+]o, surrounded by ischaemic border zones (BZs), with the degree of ischaemic effects varied to represent progression of ischaemia 2-10 min post-occlusion. Premature stimulation was applied over a range of coupling intervals to induce re-entry. The presence of ischaemic BZs and a transmural gradient in I(K(ATP)) activation provided the substrate for re-entrant arrhythmias. Increased dispersion of refractoriness and conduction velocity in the BZs with time post-occlusion led to a progressive increase in arrhythmogenesis. In the absence of a transmural gradient of I(K(ATP)) activation, re-entry was rarely sus...Continue Reading


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