Jan 1, 1976

Mechanistic studies of glutamine synthetase from Escherichia coli. An integrated mechanism for biosynthesis, transferase, ATPase reaction

S G RheeE R Stadtman


The mechanism of biosynthetic, transferase, ATPase, and transphosphorylation reactions catalyzed by unadenylylated glutamine synthetase from E. coli was studied. Activation complex(es) involved in the biosynthetic reaction are produced in the presence of either Mg2+ or Mn2+ ; however, with the Mn2+-enzyme inhibition by the product, ADP, is so great that the overall forward biosynthetic reaction cannot be detected with the known assay methods. Binding studies show that substrates (except for NH3 and NH2OH which are not reported here) can bind to the enzyme in a random manner and that binding of the ATP-glutamate, ADP-Pi or ADP-arsenate pairs is strongly synergistic. Inhibition and binding studies show that the same binding site is utilized for glutamate and glutamine in biosynthetic and transferase reactions, respectively, and that a common nucleotide binding site is used for all reactions studied. Studies of the reverse biosynthetic reaction and results of fluorescent titration experiments suggest that both arsenate and orthophosphate bind at a site which overlaps the gamma-phosphate site of nucleoside triphosphate. In the reverse biosynthetic and transferase reactions, ATP serves as a substrate for the Mn2+-enzyme but not for ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Arsenic Poisoning
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase
GLUL gene

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