Jul 1, 1991

Median frequency--a new parameter for predicting defibrillation success rate

Annals of Emergency Medicine
C BrownR Dzwonczyk

Abstract

Current American Heart Association guidelines recommend immediate defibrillation of ventricular fibrillation. When this is unsuccessful, there are no guidelines to help determine the optimum time at which to defibrillate after the administration of an alpha-adrenergic agonist. Previous studies have shown that the median frequency of the ventricular fibrillation ECG signal correlates with myocardial perfusion during CPR. We hypothesized that median frequency could predict the success of defibrillation and thus accurately determine the most appropriate time at which to defibrillate during ventricular fibrillation. Twenty-two mixed-breed swine weighing more than 15 kg were studied. Ventricular fibrillation was induced electrically, and the ventricular fibrillation ECG signal was analyzed using fast Fourier analysis. After ten minutes of ventricular fibrillation, mechanical CPR was begun. After three minutes of CPR, the animals received one of three alpha-adrenergic agonists and CPR was continued. Defibrillation was attempted three and one-half minutes after drug administration. The average median frequency 20 seconds before defibrillation was calculated. Sensitivity and specificity of median frequency with respect to defibrillatio...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Ventricular Fibrillation
alpha-Adrenergic Agonist [EPC]
Weighing Patient
Paroxysmal Familial Ventricular Fibrillation
Myocardium
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists [MoA]
Electroversion Therapy
Family suidae
Electrocardiographic Recorders

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