Oct 28, 1998

Medical management of organophosphate-induced seizures

Journal of Physiology, Paris
Guy LallementG Blanchet


Recent studies concerning management of soman-induced seizures are reviewed. While drugs classically used against epilepsy in hospital appear ineffective against soman, muscarinic receptor blockers are shown to be able to prevent or stop seizures within the first 5 min after their onset. Benzodiazepine could also be considered as an emergency treatment useful during the first 10 min of seizure. Comparatively NMDA antagonists appear to be able to terminate soman-induced seizures even if the treatment is delayed after 40 min of epileptic activity. Drugs with both antimuscarinic and anti-NMDA properties may represent the most adequate pharmacological treatment to treat soman intoxication. However, the results obtained until now with these drugs must be completed in relation with their possible efficacy after i.m. administration. Propositions for future studies are reviewed.

  • References18
  • Citations53


  • References18
  • Citations53


Mentioned in this Paper

Cholinesterase Inhibitors, Reversible
Benzodiazepine [EPC]
Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
Single Seizure
Benzodiazepines Assay
Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptor

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.