Mefloquine monitoring in acute uncomplicated malaria treated with Fansimef and Lariam
The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
K Na BangchangT Harinasuta
Mefloquine levels were compared between Plasmodium falciparum malaria patients with sensitive response and those with treatment failure who received 3 drug regimens of mefloquine (46 patients with MSP 3 tablets (Fansimef), 38 and 34 with mefloquine (Lariam) 750 mg and 1,250 mg). Mefloquine concentrations on Day-1 in any regimens in patients with treatment failure were significantly lower than those from the sensitive response, whereas there was no difference in the concentrations on Day-7. However, MIC values of mefloquine prior to drug treatment were comparable in both groups. The study suggests that pre-treatment in vitro sensitivity testing was a non-reliable indicator of clinical outcome. Mefloquine concentration on the first day after treatment is a better predictor of the treatment outcome.