Membrane microviscosity, blood pressure and cytosolic pH in Dahl rats: the influence of plasma lipids

Journal of Hypertension
J ZichaM A Devynck


To determine the relationships between blood pressure, membrane microviscosity, plasma lipids and cytosolic pH in Dahl rats susceptible or resistant to salt hypertension. Blood pressure, plasma triglycerides and total cholesterol, platelet cytosolic pH (pHi) and the microviscosity of both outer membrane leaflet (TMA-DPH fluorescence anisotropy) and membrane lipid core (DPH fluorescence anisotropy) were studied in platelets and erythrocyte ghosts of Dahl salt-sensitive (SS/Jr) and salt-resistant (SR/Jr) rats fed either a low-salt diet (0.3% NaCl) until the age of 9, 15 or 24 weeks or a high-salt diet (4% NaCl) for 5 or 10 weeks after weaning. At low salt intake, DPH but not TMA-DPH anisotropy increased with age in platelets of SS/Jr rats. Chronic high salt intake was accompanied by an increase of DPH anisotropy in platelets but not in erythrocyte ghosts of SS/Jr rats. Platelet DPH anisotropy correlated positively with blood pressure of salt-loaded SS/Jr rats. Chronic high salt intake also reduced pHi in platelets, the regulation of which seemed to be related to the changes in TMA-DPH anisotropy. This especially concerns the thrombin-induced pHi rise which was inversely related to basal pHi, plasma lipids and TMA-DPH anisotropy. ...Continue Reading


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